Orbital Energy: Calculate the orbital energy required to launch a payload from the surface into the desired orbit. By Ian Mallett.
EasyPorkchop: Calculate "pork-chop" or C3 plot for various missions, so you can chose a mission within the delta-V capacity of your spacecraft. It uses a concept called hyperbola's velocity at infinity or Vinf. For an easy explanation of Vinf, go here.
Multi-Stage Rocket Delta-V Optimizer: Calculate the delta V increase created by staging your spacecraft. By Ian Mallett.
Thruster Calculator: Simulates spacecraft thrust, given rocket engine type and mission profile. By Eric Rozier.
Delta-V Calculator: Given the rocket's wet mass, dry mass, and specific impulse/exhaust velocity calculate the rocket's delta-V. By Joseph J. Strout.
The Rocket Equation: Calculates the delta-V equation. Given any three of the values it calculates the value of the fourth. By Trent Waddington.
Panel or Droplet Radiator Calculator by Ian Mallett. He says for droplet radiators this calculator does not simulate occlusion between droplets.
Droplet Radiator Calculator: Given a droplet radiator design, calculate required area to dissapate desired waste heat level. Discussion here. By Eric Rozier. Note: Ian Mallett says that the surface area is erroneously reported as being in MW (it's actually in kW) and that the temperature of space is not accounted for.
Coolant Calculator: Given a radiator's coolant type and amount, simulate the radiator system. By Eric Rozier.
Mission Calculator: Given crew size and mission length, calculate the amount of required consumables. By Eric Rozier.
Ship Decompression: Calculate how fast the air will rush out a meteor hole in the hull. By Ian Mallett.
Relativistic Star Ship Calculator: Calculates times to reach distant points by a relativisitic star ship, accelerating continuously. By Stephen R. Schmitt.
Artificial Gravity: Calculate the parameters of a centrifugal artificial gravity system. By Ian Mallett.
SpinCalc: Calculate the parameters of a centrifugal artificial gravity system. By Theodore W. Hall.
Radiation Exposure Calculator: Simulates exposing a simulated human to a radiation dosage of your choice. By Ian Mallett.
Black Hole Parameters: Calculate the properties of a black hole. By Ian Mallett.
Hawking Radiation Calculator: Calculate the radiation emitted by a Hawking black hole. By Jim Wisniewski.
Nuclear Weapon Calculator: Models the effect of various weapon sizes on user selected armor samples. By Eric Rozier.
Nuclear Weapon Effects Calculator: For various nuclear weapon yields, calculates the thermal radius, air blast radius, ionizing radiation radius, and other values. By Michael Wong
Nuclear Bomb Effects Computer: For various nuclear weapon yields, calculates blast and fallout values, and displays them on a pseudo-slide rule. By John Walker
Laser Weapon Calculator: Models the effect of various types of lasers on user selected armor samples. By Eric Rozier.
Pulse Laser Calculator: Estimates the effects of pulsed laser blasts on a target. By Luke Campbell.
Beam Laser Calculator: Estimates the effects of a beam laser on a target. By Luke Campbell.
Point Defense Hit Probabilities - Kinetic CIWS: Estimates hit probabilities of kinetic point defence on various hostile missile sizes. By Eric Rozier.
Point Defense Hit Probabilities - Missile CIWS: Estimates hit probabilities of missile based point defence on various hostile missile sizes. By Eric Rozier.
Earth Impact Effects Program: Estimates the effects of an asteroid striking Earth. By Robert Marcus, H. Jay Melosh, and Gareth Collins.
Impact Calculator: Estimates the effects of an asteroid striking Earth. Includes Google Maps so you can plot the size of the crater. By Edward Gomez and Jon Yardley.
Impact Calculator: Estimates the effects of identical asteroids striking Earth and Luna.
Solar System Collisions: Estimates the effects of an asteroids striking the planet of your choice. By Dr. Douglas P. Hamilton